> Authors > Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
This author's articles
23 June 2005
The CIA used two secret manuals during Terry Ward’s career to train Latin American militaries and security services in interrogating suspects, one titled "KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation - July 1963," and a updated version titled "Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual -1983." These two documents were declassified in January 1997 in response to a 1994 Freedom of Information Act request by the Baltimore Sun, and the Sun’s threat of a lawsuit under FOIA. The Sun headlined its report on the documents (27 January 1997, by Gary Cohn, Ginger Thompson, and Mark Matthews) as "Torture was taught by CIA."