This author's articles
4 December 2006
The term ‘camp’ identifies all the premises where those third country nationals intending to enter the European Union are involuntarily placed. This concept includes all the systems of imprisonment by which the immigrant is deprived of his/her rights and liberties. While the camp can be ‘open’ or ‘closed’, the close nature usually predominates in practice. An EU policy dealing with the reception of asylum seekers and their accommodation in camps is still in its infancy. The discretionary power exercised by the Member States in this field is very important. Also, there is a wide diversity of camps for third country nationals in Europe. Special attention needs to be paid to the respect of fundamental rights and the individual needs by each third country national who might be residing in camps. This is at times difficult to ensure due to size of the camps, the lack of resources as well as because of the negative image linked to those immigrants who are placed in these camps. Also, in practical terms there is some confusion among the different statuses of the immigrants who are might be found in the camps. Finally, the statistical data concerning how many third country nationals are actually inside camps has not been yet centralized nor at EU level neither at national level.
26 September 2005
Cette bibliographie, établie par Mathieu Bietlot (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Olivier Clochard (Université de Poitiers) et Jérôme Valluy (Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris 1), donne l’ensemble des références sur la question des camps en Europe et de la détention des étrangers.