> Authors > STEPS Consulting Social
STEPS Consulting Social
This author's articles
2 January 2008
This study is a response to the European Parliament’s desire to better understand and to improve the detention and reception conditions for third country nationals in closed and open centres in Europe, with special consideration for persons with special needs. It assesses the implementation of the standards outlined in part II of the Reception Conditions Directive 2003/9/CE (22/01/2003). The unique feature of this study is that it focuses on vulnerable groups and assesses whether their needs are taken into account or not and if the conditions found in Europe contribute to an improvement in, or the aggravation of, their situations of vulnerability.