6 September 2005, by Balzacq Thierry,
Carrera Sergio ,
Elspeth Guild, Thierry Balzacq and Sergio Carrera opened the conference by welcoming all the speakers and the participants. They focused their opening remarks on the importance of the CHALLENGE research project (The Changing Landscape of European Liberty and Security) as a tool for setting high standards of intellectual debate around security and liberty in Europe. Trough its Network of 21 University, CHALLENGE represents a valuable instrument for policy recommendations, which contributes to the development of an EU Area of Freedom Security and Justice.
6 September 2005, by Barbé Esther
Esther Barbé’s speech started tracing the evolution and inception of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). She first highlighted that these elements have to be understood not only as a consequence of the Eastern enlargement, but also as a response to external demands of some states, particularly those of the Mediterranean Basin, who were afraid of being excluded from the EU’s priorities.
6 September 2005, by Carrera Sergio
Sergio Carrera’s intervention dealt with the Hague Programme on JHA and the extent to which the transitional arrangement providing restrictions to the free movement of workers are pertinent in an enlarging EU. Carrera asserted that it is difficult to reconcile the restrictions to the freedom of movement in the EU with the very notion of European citizenship.
6 September 2005, by Apap Joanna,
Joanna Apap and Angelina Tchorbadjiyska assessed the impact of Schengen along the EU’s external borders. In the first part of the presentation, Apap started by raising two questions: to what extent can there be flexibility in implementing Schengen rules to prevent marginalising the new EU neighbours, and what can the EU neighbours do in the short, medium and long term to promote trust and to one day hope to come off the Schengen ‘negative list’. In the second part of the presentation, Angelina Tchorbadjiyska applied some of the insights of Apap’s view to an outsiders’ experience: the case of Bulgaria.
6 September 2005, by Bigo Didier,
Didier Bigo explained in detail the structure of the OBSERVATORY, which includes two sections: a series of National and European Meetings and Conferences; the CHALLENGE website.
6 September 2005, by Diedrichs Udo,
Udo Diedrichs and Funda Tekin addressed the question of a Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the Constitutional Treaty in the light of the recent events of its rejection by the considerable majority of the French and Dutch populations.
6 September 2005, by Raptis Nikos
Nikos Raptisdealt with the Justice and Home Affairs possible scenarios in the light of the changes brought by the Constitutional Treaty. He thus stressed the importance of the single operational and legal framework under which JHA would operate after the abolition of the pillar structure, as a clear converging movement towards a reinforced community method. Moreover the Constitution would have brought an expansion of JHA material aspect as the counter-terrorism fight.
6 September 2005, by Bergalli Roberto
Roberto Bergalli started his speech describing how Spain discovered only in recent times the real need for tackling the issue of migration. The first Spanish law dealing with the field of immigration was in fact published on July 1st 1985. The ‘Ley Orgánica de Derechos y Libertades de los Extranjeros’ (the Organic Law on Rights and Liberties of Foreigners) regulated some aspects of the social phenomenon of migration. Bergalli stressed how the Spanish word ‘extranjero’ is much more related to the English ‘extraneous’ rather than the word ‘migrant’ underlining the existence of an underground culture of differentiation, separation, when not even exclusion.
6 September 2005, by Huysmans Jef
Jef Huysmans focused his intervention on the Politics of Insecurity, aiming at describing certain crystallizations of the insecurity discourse. Huysmans stressed how the duet diplomacy-military has fallen apart after the events of 9/11, and how the blow has already started with the fall of the Berlin wall.
6 September 2005, by Neal Andrew
Andrew Neal spoke about different theoretical approaches to the problem of ‘exceptionalism’, which is the problem of exceptional practices legitimated by exceptional events/situations. As such, he dealt with Carl Schmitt, ‘securitization theory’, and finally the work of Michel Foucault, using the latter to provide a critique of the first two and sketch an alternative. Carl Schmitt poses the problem of the exceptional limits of law, politics, liberalism, and predictability regarding the future in order to argue for the necessity of exceptional sovereign power.